Panipat is one of India’s most historical iconic places. The amalgamation of five villages formed Panipat, and Pandavas ruled Panipat. This area has been the center of India and famous for centuries and witnessed many historical events from prehistory through modern times. Panipat tourist places are majorly related to historical battles and incidents.
The three Panipat battles were the most important to have had an enormous impact on this city. This area was named Dhramaksetra because Bhagwat Gita was first taught here by Lord Krishna.
Because of these events and war, Panipat is home to many scenic and historical places.
Where is Panipat located?
Panipat place is a city in Hariyana, India. Here, three significant historical events happened: the Battle of Panipat. If you are the one who loves history and historical things, then you have to know where is Panipat located to explore. Here are some historical places to visit in Panipat, i.e. Panipat Battle Field Memorial, Purana Quila, Kabuli Bagh Park, and Panipat Museum. All the Panipat tourist places are nearby to the railway station.
There are many tourist places in Panipat and hill stations near Panipat you should explore and visit to boost your travel experience.
Location of Panipat – Panipat Direction
History of Panipat
Legend says that Panipat was among the five cities (Prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the Mahabharata. Its historical name was Panduprastha.
1. First Battle of Panipat (1526)
At Panipat, three pivotal battles occurred in Indian history. The First Battle of Panipat was fought by Ibrahim Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi, and Zaheeruddin Babur, the Timurid warlord. Ibrahim’s army, which was more than one thousand (one hundred thousand) strong, was defeated by Babur’s. This battle ended the “Lodi Rule”, which Bahlul Lodhi established in India.
- The battle was fought on the 21st of the 21st of April within North India. It was the first battle of the Mughal Empire.
- It was among the first battles that involved gunpowder firearms and artillery in the field.
Battle of Panipat by Ibrahim Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi
- The Mughal army from Babur in 1526, who was the Timurid governor of Kabulistan defeated the more powerful ruling army of Ibrahim Lodi, the Sultan of Delhi.
- The battle took place on the 21st of April in the tiny village of Panipat located which is located in the current Indian states of Haryana.
- It is believed that Babur’s army was around 15,000 men with 1,000 war elephants.
Advantage of Cannons used in the Battle First Battle
- It is believed that Babur’s guns played a decisive role during battle. The noise of the cannon terrified the elephants of Lodi, which caused them to attack Lodi’s soldiers.
- More than the gun there were tactics that contributed to the victory.
- Ibrahim Lodi died on the battlefield left by his generals and his feudatories. Many of them changed their loyalties to the new ruler of Delhi.
- If Sultan Ibrahim survived another hour of combat, he would be victorious, given that Babur did not have reserves, and his troops were exhausted.
2. Second Battle of Panipat (1556)
The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between Akbar’s forces, and Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya on 5 November 1556. He had taken Delhi, Agra, and Akbar’s troops. Hem Chandra’s troops had taken large parts of Delhi, and Agra and defeated Akbar.
Hemu was blinded by an arrow and his eyes were swollen. Hem Chandra’s forces had captured large parts of Delhi and Agra, defeating Akbar’s forces.
The Second Battle of Panipat was engaged between the forces from Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, often called Hemu the Hindu king who ruled North India from Delhi, and the army of Akbar on the 5th of November 1556.
Battle of Panipat between Akbar’s forces and Hem Chandra
- Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya also known Hindu emperor of Delhi because of his defeat of Akbar/Humanyun’s army during the Battle for Delhi.
- Hemu was a winner in 22 battles as the President and Prime Minister of Army of Islam Shah, between 1553 and 1556 in order to thwart the rebellion of Afghan rebels who were fighting against the Sur the regime.
- He made attacks on the chief of Akbar’s troops in Agra in Gwalior Fort.
- On the 6th of October, 1556, his army came up against Mughal resistance. After a tense battle, Akbar’s troops were pushed out by the Mughal forces.
- Hemu was awarded the title of Purana Qila on October 7 1556. He also set up Hindu dominance in North India, after 350 years of Muslim rule.
- He was awarded an honorary title: Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya.
3. Third Battle of Panipat (1761)
Ahmad Shah Abdali, an Afghan invading force, fought the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune in 1761 in the Third Battle of Panipat.
- The Third Battle of Panipat took in 1761 on the 14th of January at Panipat located about sixty miles (95.5 km) north of Delhi.
- The fall of the Mughal Empire after the Mughal-Maratha war, which lasted for 27 years (1680-1707) resulted in swift territorial expansion to the Maratha Empire. Under Peshwa Baji Rao, Gujarat and Malwa came under Maratha control.
- In 1737 Baji Rao defeated the Mughals at the edge of Delhi and brought a large portion of the previously Mughal areas in the southern part of Delhi to Maratha control.
- Baji Rao’s son Balaji Baji Rao (popularly known as Nana Saheb), further expanded the area under Maratha control when he invaded Punjab the year 1758.
All the above events of battle make Panipat a tourist place to explore history.
Places to Visit in Panipat
Want to know the best things to do in Panipat? Here we will explain the top places by which you can enjoy your trip. If you want to fully enjoy your trip, you have to analyze today’s temperature in Panipat. Following are the Panipat famous tourist places where you can spend time and connect to our history.
Panipat is known in India as the “City of Weavers”. Panipat District holds a prominent place on the international market for “handloom manufacturing”. Darri, carpet mat, table cover, bed sheet, bed cover, curtain, etc. Exports to Canada, Japan, and Australia.
Panipat is home to the largest “Shoddy Yarn” center in the world. Samalkha, a sub-division of this district is known for its Foundry of Agriculture instruments. This district has endless employment opportunities and is constantly developing on the basis of industry.
Panipat Battle Field Memorial
This obelisk was built by the Surveyor General for Archaeology in India during the British Empire is one of the Panipat historical places. It is located at the location of the Third Battle of Panipat, 1761 AD.
Sadashiva Rao Bhau is said to have died fighting here. The site is marked by a brick pillar with an iron rod on the top and an iron fence around the entire area.
These Panipat tourist places are known for battles. Memorial Society of Panipat has built a beautiful war memorial complex around the obelisk on approximately 7 acres of land.
Address:- 166, Model Town Rd, Model Town, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to: – Panipat Battle Field Memorial
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 7 Kilometers
Purana Quila | A Famous Historical Panipat Tourist Places
Haryana’s Purana Quila Paanipat is another historical place in Panipat well-known for its stunning archeological history. The fort was built in the 16th century, during the rule of Sher Shah sure.
There were three gates to the fort, one in each direction: the Humayun Gate in south, the Bara Darwaaza in west, and the Talaqi Gate (also known as the ‘forbidden gateway’). The gates, which were double-storeyed, were flanked with towers that resembled semi circles and were decorated with blue tiles and colored marbles. The overhanging balconies were a recreation of Rajasthani architecture.
Address:- 35, Devi Mandir Rd, Old Housing Board Colony, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to: – Purana Quila, Panipat
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 3.4 Kilometers
Ibrahim Lodhi Tomb
He was killed in the First Battle of Panipat against Mughal emperor Babur on 21 April 1526. It is located near the tehsil office and close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah. The only thing that remains at this place is a rectangular, open grave that sits on a high, double-terraced platform. This grave is the final resting spot of Ibrahim Lodi, the Sultan of Delhi.
Address:- Tehsil Camp Rd, Devi Mandir Area, Tehsil Camp, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to – Ibrahim Lodhi Tomb
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 2.4 Kilometers
Hajrat Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Darga ,Taaj Book Depo
This is one of the religious Panipat tourist places for Muslims named the tomb of Shaikh Sharafudeen also known as Tomb Of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar, a saint of the Chisti Order who lived and died in India.
It is also a popular thing to do in Panipat. This Historical place in Panipat is almost 700 years old and stands as a symbol of faith harmony, integrity, and peace.
This tomb is to enjoy the captivating performances by traditional singers and the regular qawwali celebrations. Because it is near the grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, it can be peaceful.
Address:- kalandar peer, Sethi Chowk Area, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to – Hajrat Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Darga
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 3.6 Kilometers
Devi temple religious Panipat tourist place for the Hindu community. People from India visit the Temple to receive prayers and blessings from the Goddess Durga. A special puja is always organized within the Temple on Durga Pooja and Navrati.
It is a prominent temple located in Panipat city and draws many visitors. In the last 100 years, Ramlila can also be found in the park each year for this Navratri festival. The entire collection of Hindu Gods and Goddess idols is enshrined here, along with the Yaga Shala in the Temple.
The Temple has a history of about 250 years old. The Maratha warrior Sadashivrao Bhau arrived here with his army to fight the war. Sadashivrao Bhau was here for nearly two months to fight the battle against Ahmad Shah Abdali, who was a very invading soldier and was from Afghanistan.
Address:- Devi mandir, Devi Mandir Area, Tehsil Camp, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to: – DEVI TEMPLE
Distance from panipat railway station:- 2.1 Kilometers
The museum is one of the most amazing Panipat tourist places, established by Haryana’s Government. Panipat Museum shows disseminates information on Haryana’s archaeology, history, arts, and crafts.
- Its focus is on the Battles of Panipat. The display of antiquities, inscriptions, artifacts, armors and sculptures, pottery, old and valuable documents, jewelry, art, and craft.
- Through Panipat Museum, an attempt to offer an understanding of the acts of courage of a few brave and patriotic warriors that gave their lives during the Battle of Panipat. They include Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a local hero from Haryana, Raja Surja Mal of Bharatpur, Vikramaditya (Vikramajit) of Gwalior Maharaja, Patiala, Sher Shar SURI Sadashiv Rao Bhau Vishwas Rao Peshwa, and Tukuj Shinde.
- The photographs have been enlarged and include a collection of essential miniatures predominantly from Akbar-Nama and Babur-Nama related to the battles.
- The museum has many of the latest guns, weapons, armoires, and other weapons.
- It includes replicas of various artifacts such as status ceramics, pottery, coins, and more.
Address:- NFL Area, Panipat, Haryana 132106, India
Get Direction to – Panipat Museum
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 4.2 Kilometers
Kabuli Bagh Mosque
Babur built the Kabuli Bagh Mosque to mark the victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi at the First Battle of Panipat (1526 AD).
It is the oldest historical places in Panipat with octagonal towers at its corners. The mosque’s entrance faces the north. Built of red sandstone bricks, the gateway is a large arch-shaped opening.
Square-shaped, the main prayer hall has annexes at the sides. After defeating Salim Shah Humayun added a masonry platform called Chabutra-i-Fateh Mubarak. It is engraved with the name of the king as well as other details about its builder and dates back to 1527 AD.
Address:- Bajaj Nagar, Manmohan Nagar, Panipat, Haryana 132103, India
Get Direction to: – Kabuli Bagh Park
Distance from Panipat railway station:- 4 Kilometers
On the above-discussed content is the historical places in Panipat. If travelers are interested to explore the history of Panipat, they can visit and explore the things. Majorly Panipat tourist places are historical and religious.